A Pact With Books: The Public Life of World Literature
B. Venkat Mani
Who defines world literature? Is it the author of the text that leaves its point of origin to find space on a bookshelf—physical or digital—in a far away part of the world? Is it the translator, the initiator of textual migration? And how does the reader, who determines whether a text keeps the promise it makes—that is, giving a glimpse of the far away world of its origin—define world literature?
Beyond the author and the translator, a very large number of actors determine a reader’s access to literary works. If the author and the reader were to be tentatively imagined in a producer-consumer relationship, one could see that there is an entire set of mediators, representing several institutions, who enable the distribution and circulation of a literary artifact for a worldwide readership: publisher, bookseller (or online vendor), librarian, magazine editor, literary critic, literary agent, book-festival organizer, the scriptwriter who translates a novel for theater or film, webmasters of “fan-websites” or Facebook pages of living or dead authors, selection committees for international literary awards, and TV personalities. And there is the current digital culture—reading media such as Kindle, Nook, Nexus; online collections such as Google Books and Hathi Project; and online libraries such as the European Library, the Universal Library, the American Digital Public Library—transforming readers’ access to world literature. In other words, world literature has a public life in which various individuals and collectives come together to institutionalize it. These individuals and collectives do not exist in a historical-political vacuum. In fact historical and political conditions create and exert ideological pressures within the political boundaries of a nation. Such ideological pressures shape not merely the course of a national public life of literature, but also a public life of world literature.chloe secret life of pets animal pets find pets lost and found pets of the midsouth can foxes be pets huggle pets purse pets easy pets max the secret life of pets all pets animal hospital pets best insurance elliots pets super pets pets in spanish bills wonderland of pets partners for pets craigslist atlanta pets are guinea pigs good pets orlando craigslist pets animals for pets craigslist denver pets craigslist pets orange county wonder pets toys pets that are easy to take care of vi pets present pets little live pets puppy overlook bay pets penthouse pets nude austin pets alive dogs wonder pets metacafe cages for pets adopt me neon pets wonder pets tuck dallas craigslist pets craigslist pets dallas pets wow are hamsters good pets craigslist humboldt pets craigslist pets brownsville league of legends pets all pets club craigslist pets winchester va county pets pets shots protein for pets pets net craigslist fort collins pets las vegas craigslist pets how long do bunnies live as pets all adopt me pets craigslist pets md hunter pets classic ebay adopt me pets apartments that allow pets near me shameless pets noahs ark pets pets first first pets help for homeless pets monkey pets cincinnati craigslist pets royal pets lubbock craigslist pets lee lost pets petco pets can pets get covid castle crashers pets cbd for pets pets world cheap pets are sugar gliders good pets how to get free pets in among us craigslist charlotte pets royal pets craigslist idaho pets irresistible pets
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